Oil remediation is a process used by oil remediation companies to clean up oil spills. The response used by oil remediation companies typically depends on the size of the spill, its location, and its threat level (Source: Oil Remediation Companies by E&B Green Solutions). Other considerations include the type of oil involved as well as weather or oceanic conditions that could affect containment.
Oil remediation companies specialize in cleaning up oil spills. As such, most offer custom oil cleanup services that account for each spill’s unique characteristics. As with any category of companies, oil remediation companies often vary in their specialties and service offerings. For example, some companies may focus on eco-friendly oil remediation solutions such as bio-remediation where others may use chemical dispersants.
Below are a few of the more common services offered by oil remediation companies:
Bioremediation – Bioremediation involves using naturally occurring bacteria to convert harmful substances such as oil into harmless byproducts such as water and carbon dioxide. One technique involves using a plant-based, non-toxic colloidal solution to break oil down into molecule-sized particles that are then much easier for resident bacteria to consume due to their smaller size and greater surface area.
Dispersal – Chemical dispersal agents are often used to break up and disperse oil spills. Coupled with wave action and ocean currents, dispersal helps to breakup oil spills and allow it to evaporate or be consumed by micro-organisms.
Containment – Oil spills that occur on water are often contained using booms which float on the surface and prevent the oil from expanding. From there, the contained oil is then skimmed, scooped, or sucked into oil tankers or storage containers.
Industrial oil remediation – While oil spills affecting oceans and coastlines tend to get the most attention, oil spills also occur frequently in industrial settings. No matter where oil spills, it requires a professional clean up response in compliance with all applicable regulations.
Soil remediation – If oil spills affect soil, such as when an oil pipeline breaks, the area affected by the spill including soil, streams, and ponds must be remediated. Specific cleanup and disposal processes must be followed to ensure that all governmental regulations are fulfilled.
Blain Johnson, the author of this article, did a study on the potential of oil remediation solutions for his dissertatioin. He conclude that oil remediation provide a number of benefits to cleaning up oil spills as well as protecting the environment.